As the name suggests, sexually transmitted diseases are disease conditions which are spread from one person to another. Unprotected sex with someone with an STD, whether it is vaginal, anal, or oral, can lead to contracting it.
STDs are not exclusively spread through sex. STDs may also be spread by sharing needles or breast-feeding, depending on the specific strain.
It is important to keep in mind that most STDs are treatable. If left untreated, you could suffer complications, such as acquiring another STD, becoming ill for a long time, or becoming infertile.
While most STDs can be reduced (such as by using condoms), they are not 100% preventable.
A burning sensation during urination, itching, and sores on the genitals are some of the common STD symptoms. But, not everyone experiences these symptoms.
Additionally, it is possible to transmit STDs to a sexual partner even if you are not aware of your own infection. If you believe you are suffering from STD symptoms or if you think you’ve been exposed to STDs, it’s crucial to get tested immediately.
The herpes simplex virus (HSV) causes herpes, a highly contagious condition. Herpes simplex type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2) are two different types of herpes virus.
Commonly, herpes is associated with cold sores or fever blisters (oral herpes), but it can also cause anal or genital sores. Herpes can be transmitted sexually and result in genital herpes in both forms.
It is also possible for pregnant women to contract Herpes during their first trimester, especially if the woman gets infected.
An organism known as Treponema pallidum causes syphilis. Chancres, which are sores, are the means by which it is spread.
Infected persons may experience a single round, firm sore that is painless and does not blister (e.g., in the penis, vaginum, anus, mouth).
It is often hard to notice these sores because the symptoms disappear on their own.
Syphilis can eventually lead to organ damage, including damage to the skin, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints, if it is not treated.
There are more than 30 million cases of chlamydia reported in the United States every year. A person can get it through open-mouthed sex or vaginal sex mostly, but oral contact is also possible.
Your vagina or penis may produce strange discharge, or you may experience burning when you urinate. Women or men typically experience these symptoms in only about 25% of cases.
Because it’s caused by bacteria, chlamydia requires antibiotics to be treated. It is recommended that you get tested again in three months, whether or not your partner has also received treatment.
The tiny parasite trichomonia causes the disease, which is more common among women. Contact between a man and a woman’s penis and vagina can deliver the infection.
Whenever the genital areas of two women touch, they can exchange it. Itching, burning, and sore genitals are not common symptoms of trichomoniasis.
There may also be an odorous, yellow, green, or clear discharge.
Treatment for trichomoniasis involves antibiotics. If your partner has also been treated, it is important that you go back for another test within three months.
A virus called HIV causes AIDS. During transmission, the virus travels through body fluids including blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk.
Infectious sexual contact without a condom or sharing a needle with an infected person are the two main ways of contracting it. Neither saliva nor kissing can transmit HIV.
Infection with HIV presents vague symptoms. As a result, you may feel like you have the flu, with muscle aches, fatigue, or a slight fever.
Losing weight and suffering from diarrhea may also occur. In order to determine if you’re infected, you need to get your blood or saliva tested.
A person’s immune system can be destroyed by HIV over a period of years. Once a certain point is reached, your body is no longer able to fight off infections.
A powerful drug can help people with HIV live long lives even though there is no cure for HIV.
The liver becomes inflamed when hepatitis is infected. Some of these viruses can be transmitted sexually, making viruses one of the most common causes of hepatitis.
Infected individuals’ feces contain the hepatitis A virus (HAV), which is spread by close personal contact (including sex or living together). A person can also contract HAV by consuming contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. An HAV vaccine is available.
An infected person can transmit HBV to an uninfected person by exchanging bodily fluids with an uninfected individual. It can also be spread by sharing needles and can pass from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth. There is a vaccine that protects against HBV.
Viruses associated with hepatitis C (HCV) can be spread through sexual contact or other non-sexual means, including by blood, semen, and other body fluids that are infected. Unfortunately, HCV does not have a vaccine.
It doesn’t matter what type of hepatitis a person has, as the symptoms are similar, including fatigue, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and dark urine. HBV and HCV can severely damage the liver, causing serious problems such as scarring, cancer, liver failure, and even death.